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Ssed with six items: insult, humiliation, threateningAl-Atrushi et al. BMC Women's Health 2013, 13:37 http://www.biomedcentral.com/1472-6874/13/Page 3 ofto divorce the respondent, threatening to marry another woman, threatening to hurt the respondent and doing things to scare the respondent on purpose. The items in the WHO multi-country study questionnaire for assessing controlling behavior were n
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N expectedly cannot speak freely. To our knowledge, this study is the first survey in Erbil city to assess the past year IPV. Prevalence of past year IPV in this study (45.3 ) is similar to those reported in Baghdad (44 ) [14], and in Omdurman, Sudan (41.6 ) [26]. However, it is lower than that reported in Madina, Saudi Arabia (58.7 ) [12] and higher than that reported in China 26 [20] and Esfaha
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Ot always experienced in isolation. However, the interaction of symptoms, such as back and pelvic pain causing sleep disturbance or sleep disturbance causing fatigue are not well explored. Psychosocial variables also?2013 Foxcroft et al.; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/l
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Men's experience of the menopause. Br J Obstet Gynaecol 1996, 103:1025?028. Mitchell ES, Woods NF: Symptom experiences of midlife women: observations from the Seattle midlife women's health study. Maturitas 1996, 25:1?0. Jokinen K, Rautava P, M inen J, Ojanlatva A, Sundell J, Helenius H: Experience of climacteric symptoms among 42?6 and 52?6-year-old women. Maturitas 2003, 46:199?05. Col NF, Guthr
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Ing/burning Pat year (overall) Moderate physical violence (overall) Slapping on face* Pushing/shaking/throwing something* Twisting arm/pulling hair* Severe physical violence (overall) Hitting with fist/something Kicking/dragging Threatening/attacking with knife or gun Choking/burning*Moderate physical act. Severe physical act.Frequency of violence Once No. ( ) 2 ?5 times No. ( ) No. >5 times ( )(
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Ional abuse behavior, against the women attending hospitals in Erbil. Physical violence is also a significant problem particularly in terms of its consequences.Background Violence against women is a worldwide problem and a serious human rights abuse that occurs among all social, cultural, economic, and religious groups. A wide range of negative health outcomes and even death had been recognized as
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Act of climacteric on well-being: a survey based on 5213 women 39 to 60 years old. Am J Obstet Gynecol 1993, 168:772?80. Holte A: Prevalence of climacteric complaints in a representative sample of middle-aged women in Oslo, Norway. J Psycosom Obstet Gynaecol 1991, 12:303?17. Stearns V, Ullmer L, Lopez JF, Smith J, Isaacs C, Hayes DF: Hot flushes. Lancet 2002, 360:1851?861. Bardel A, Wallander MA,
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N water bath for 4 h at 55 . The sample was filtered and extracted again with 200 ml of 20 ethanol. Then by keeping it in water bath for some time, the volume dropped down to 40 ml. The sample was then transferred into a separating funnel and added 20 ml diethyl ether to it with vigorous shaking. Both the diethyl ether and aqueous layers were separated. The aqueous layer was mixed with 60 ml of n