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Onse to antigenic tissue is predominately characterized by fibroblast and mononuclear cell infiltration with only modest inflammation and only partial matrix replacement of the graft. To describe the efficiency of the immune system in response to xenografts, they implanted the xenogenic based porcine patellar tendon, harvested from pigs to three different transplantation modality in rabbits includ
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Rectal cancer containing a BRAF p.V600E mutation possesses more malignant potential when compared with other genotypes of colorectal cancer, including the KRAS/BRAF-wild-type tumor and the KRAS-mutated tumor. In resectable colon cancer patients treated with adjuvant drug therapy, the BRAF mutation has been associated with poor survival compared to wild-type BRAF [7, 8]. A similar tendency has been
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R of proteins either indirectly or directly connected to MAPK/ERK signaling (Ras, ERBB2, Myc) [4, 31]. A limitation of this study was that the dataset did not include all clinical variables, such as complete TNM staging and chemotherapy treatment, and thus we could not evaluate all variables that might impact survival. While the HRs of known clinical (TNM system N and M stage) and pathological var
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Ic cancer, there have been less than a dozen studies which correlated putative markers with survival outcome [31]. Similar to the hazard ratio (HR) estimates for death reported for CNKSR1 in this study, the majority of previously described prognostic biomarker studies reported HRs for death ranging from 1.5 to 4 [31]. Exceptions to these studies are, among others, the recently reported study of 13
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Lioblastoma cell subpopulations with amplified EGFR. Genes Chromosomes Cancer 2004, 39:29?6. Simone NL, Bonner RF, Gillespie JW, Emmert-Buck MR, Liotta LA: Lasercapture microdissection: opening the microscopic frontier to molecular analysis. Trends Genet 1998, 14:272?76. Ruebel KH, Leontovich AA, Jin L, Stilling GA, Zhang H, Qian X, Nakamura N, Scheithauer BW, Kovacs K, Lloyd RV: Patterns of gene
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Ant, and the Mayo Clinic Clinician Investigator Training Program (LGT). Author details 1 The Texas Brain and Spine Institute, 8441 St. Hwy 47, Suite 4300, Bryan, TX 77807, USA. 2Department of Neuroscience and Experimental Therapeutics, Texas A M HSC College of Medicine, 2006 MREB, 8447 St. Hwy 47, Bryan, TX 77807, USA. 3Department of Neurology, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN, USA. 4 Division of Biomed
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Tion into the brain through modifications to the actin cytoskeleton and the levels of expression of small GTPases. J Neuropathol Exp Neurol 2002, 61:585?97. Camby I, Decaestecker C, Lefranc F, Kaltner H, Gabius HJ, Kiss R: Galectin-1 knocking down in human U87 glioblastoma cells alters their gene expression pattern. Biochem Biophys Res Commun 2005, 335:27?5. Jung TY, Jung S, Ryu HH, Jeong YI, Jin
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Ing glioblastoma cells to apoptosis. J Clin Oncol 2005, 23: 2411?422. Paulus W, Baur I, Beutler AS, Reeves SA: Diffuse brain invasion of glioma cells requires beta 1 integrins. Lab Invest 1996, 75:819?26. Uhm JH, Gladson CL, Rao JS: The role of integrins in the malignant phenotype of gliomas. Front Biosci 1999, 4:D188 199. Lipinski CA, Tran NL, Bay C, Kloss J, McDonough WS, Beaudry C, Berens ME, L